عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran and Greece are two ancient cradles of civilization. For this reason, they behold cultural and artistic richness. The art of pottery is one of the common arts between these two civilizations; however, differences and similarities regarding the general shape of pottery is present in Iranian and Greek pottery. The issue that this research pursues is the possibility of the single origin of Iranian and Greek pottery and their comparative comparison via a descriptive and analytical method and relying on data from library sources. The research findings indicate that Iranian pottery is older than Greek pottery. There is no narrative aspect in Iranian pottery. The patterns are abstract and symbolic, and more creativity and freedom can be seen in the design of dishes and patterns on the body, which displays the freedom that the artist experienced and his relation with society. The ruling order in Greek pottery in the geometric period is not realized in Iranian pottery. The designs are free, fluid and abstract and tailored to the body of the vessels, which may be due to the world view of the artist who did not adhere to strict principles. The motifs of animals are repeated in Iranian pottery, such as cows and mountain goats; on the other hand, in Greek pottery, motifs of octopuses and sea creatures are mostly visible due to the difference in climatic conditions and prominence. Furthermore, in Iranian pottery, shapes representing the moon and the sun are engraved that signify the importance of such features in the everyday lives of people.
To identify the coordinates of Iranian and Greek pottery.
To compare the elements of shape and motif in Iranian and Greek pottery.
What are the coordinates of Iranian and Greek pottery in general?
What are the similarities or differences between Iranian and Greek pottery in terms of shape and motif?