عنوان مقاله [English]
Coins are among the most imperative means of financial and economic communication and have long been a means of transferring culture and beliefs. Before Islam, Roman dinars and Iranian dirhams were popular among Arabs containing the images of Khosravan and rituals of Zoroastrianism and Christianity. In the first years of the Islamic caliphate, Muslims were not able to change the coins due to the occupations resulting from the conquests and lack of familiarity with the coinage technique. From the establishment of the Islamic caliphate and the development of Islam among different ethnic groups and nations, the need to multiply and unify money became necessary for commercial activities and tax payments; furthermore, the necessity to change the symbols of the previous and new governments were also present. In this study, it is premeditated that how are such symbols and rituals are chosen to include the beliefs, goals and overall image of the religion? The current research was carried out using descriptive and analytical method and relying on data from library sources. The findings of the research indicate that the first Islamic coins with verses from the Qur'an were created in 75 AH by Abdul Malik. Surah Ikhlas was the first verse to be engraved on coins. After that, coins with verses of the Quran were minted in most coins.
Recognizing the evolution of coins in the early Islamic centuries.
Examination of Quranic symbols in Islamic coins (656-1 AH).
What was the state of coinage and its coordinates in the early Islamic centuries?
What was the position of Quranic symbols in Islamic coins in the first centuries Hijri?