عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran's traditional handicrafts have always enjoyed a logical process and have been in tune with the progress of science and technology in the course of their several thousand years of history. Nonetheless, this logical process loses its balance from the last years of the Safavid era, and following it, the traditional arts of Iran gradually stagnate. Today, Iran's handicrafts are suffering from difficulties and complications due to its brilliant past and for various reasons, it lacks good dynamism and vitality. In this study, the roots affecting the decline of the art of toreutics are investigated with the method of hierarchical analysis conducted based on the nature of basic research and a qualitative technique of data analysis. The spatial territory of the city of Isfahan and the community of calligraphy artists and the temporal territory is from November to February 2013. Finally, four criteria and 22 sub-criteria, which were believed to be effective in diminishing the art of toreutics were identified and ranked and weighted by the method of pairwise comparisons with Expert Choice software. The results of this study showed that the most influential factor in the reduction of this art was the lack of plans for cultural creation and support of the artist; moreover, and the sub-criterion of the artist's disappointment gained the most weight in this criterion. Other principles were also obtained according to the conditions governing the current political and economic situation of the society, the artist and the facing problems, style and motifs.
Identifying the factors affecting the decline of toreutics art.
Determining the effective factors for the prosperity of toreutics art.
What are the factors affecting the fading of toreutics?
Has the art of toreutics lost its status over time?