عنوان مقاله [English]
The Timurid period is one of the most significant periods in Islamic metalwork including the presence of exquisite candlesticks with very delicate and superior decorations; they are obtained in abundance and currently preserved in museums worldwide. In this research, an attempt is made to examine the samples of these candlesticks; therefore, their form and decorations are analyzed along with their features and characteristics. Also, the association between the motifs and their functions will be discussed. It is expected that in line with this research, by using the information available in various books, internet sources and field studies, the course of development of motifs, decorations and form of these examples will be debated and how the effects of other arts in these works will be evaluated. According to the studies conducted in this research, it is determined that most of the metal candlesticks of this period are made of brass adorned with casting technique. The basic form of all these examples is an incomplete cone; additionally, during the end of the Timurid period, the making of double-headed candlesticks, specifically the dragon-headed candlestick, became common in Iran. For more beauty, these samples are decorated with inlaid, black pen and tinning techniques in multi-colored form and the body of these candlesticks are divided with geometric knots and boards and mostly decorated with plant, geometric, human and animal decorative motifs. These candlesticks are well seen in the paintings of that period, which is a proof of their widespread use in the daily life of the people of the mentioned period.
Examining the decorations and motifs of candlesticks of the Timurid period.
Studying the relationship between the motifs and inscriptions used in candlesticks and their functions.
What forms and decorations were applied in the candlesticks of the Timurid period?
What is the affiliation between the motifs and inscriptions used on the candlesticks and their functions?
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